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How did Thailand Farmers Breed Their Betta Splendens?

Submitted by on 24 September 2010 – 17:21

Some question ask to BettaPlus forum on facebook. How should they (hobbies) do on breeding betta splendens? Even, most of hobbies know how to breed and raise them very well. But not all of them succesfully breed and raise theme to adult size and get high survival rate.

One of article that was wrote by Mr. Atison Phumchoosri explain step by step guidelines on breeding betta (this tips write based on his experience during the last 40 years, together with what he have seen and collected information from hundreds of breeders in different parts of Thailand).

Oke, to the point, lets read betta breeding tutorial bellow, step by step 🙂

First of all on betta breeding, let’s make things easy by finding one bowl of about 30 cm (12 inches) in diameter. It can be of plastic, porcelain or anything that can hold water. Put clean water into it with a depth of only 10 cm (3 1/2 inches). Leave it for at least 3-4 hours in order for any chlorine to evaporate. Add some almond leave extract as well.

Spawning tank

Now we have a male and a female that are healthy. The healthy male can be recognized from its bubble. If there is bubble in the male bottle while pairing, it means that it is healthy. The healthy female is alert and normally has a big belly and on most occasions has stripes on her belly. Give them plenty of food for their last meal at least 2 hours before you put them into the spawning tank.

Since the female has to be in the spawning tank for about 2 days while the male has to be in it for at least 5 to 6 days without food, we must give them plenty of good food prior to the spawning. Recomended that we never give them food during spawning because it will create a bad habit for them in the next spawning. They will get used to eating during spawning and if they are without food they will eat their eggs and fries which you can not use any more.

We put both of them in the spawning tank with our hands but avoid touching the water in the bottle because we want the spawning water to be of superior clean quality without debris from the old bottles. It is very important to add wild almond leaf extract as it will help incite spawning and will improve the quality of the bubble nest.

Cover the spawning tank with a cardboard and leave it for about two days. In  the first few hours the male will build a bubble nest under some floating leaves we put in. While he builds the nest, he sometimes chases the female and then comes back to build the nest again.

After a couple of hours the nest is ready and the male will try to chase the female to go under or near the nest and then the spawning begins. The session will last about 4 hours . Sometimes both of them will help each other collect eggs to the nest. When the spawning ends, the male will chase the female away. It is now time to take the female out and take good care of her. She will be able to spawn again after 16 days.

The eggs will hatch within 36 hours if the temperature is about 27ºCelcius. The fries live on their yolk sac for another 2-3 days and after this they need to be fed immediately. The male has completed his duty and it is time to take him out gently with your hand. The step you should do immediately after taking the male out is to feed the fries. We stress immediately because the fries of the first batch will be about 4 hours older than the fries of the last batch. The yolk sacs are gone and they need food right away.

If we delay the feeding for another 4-5 hours, the first batch will become weaker and weaker until they can not move to get or catch food. They will die several days later of starvation. We will then ask Ourself why they died even though we have fed them regularly.

The spawning session is now completed. Hundreds of fries swim on the surface of the water. Was it easy? So, lets breeding betta splendens with lovely 🙂

From now on is the thrilling moment of whether your fries will survive to adult size depending on 3 main things. One is Human being (ourself), second is nature (sun, wind and rain) and third is animal (insects and other small living creatures in the water).


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